Archivi tag: Azure Patterns & Practices

Leveraging Azure infrastructure in Italy: opportunities and strategies for businesses

In the digital era, the evolution of cloud computing represents a crucial turning point for businesses, radically changing the way data, applications, and IT infrastructures are managed. At the heart of this revolution stands Microsoft Azure, a leading cloud platform that offers an extensive assortment of services and solutions, designed to increase efficiency, security, and resilience of workloads. Azure’s availability in Italy presents an opportunity for businesses of all sizes to optimize their IT resources and expand in the digital landscape. This article aims to explore the potential of Azure’s infrastructure in Italy, highlighting how companies can benefit from its innovative services, seizing practical advantages and concrete opportunities that arise from it.

Azure: a flexible ecosystem for innovation

Azure’s philosophy is clear: simplify IT management without sacrificing reliability and efficiency. Microsoft has structured Azure to be a versatile platform, suitable for reducing costs and complexity for customers. This flexibility is manifested in Azure’s ability to integrate with existing environments, whether it be hybrid clouds with VMware and Nutanix, or in the implementation of IaaS and PaaS services for business applications. Microsoft’s approach is to put the customer at the center, offering customized solutions adaptable to every specific need.

Figure 1 – Microsoft Azure: The Infrastructure Designed for Various Workloads

The launch of Azure in Italy: a customer-oriented process

Azure’s service rollout follows a well-defined path. Initially, in the pre-launch phase, Microsoft establishes the ‘Azure Foundational Services’, which include the essential basic infrastructure: computing, storage, and networking. These components constitute the fundamental core of a cloud environment. With the official start of a region, Microsoft enters a new phase, introducing the ‘Azure Mainstream Services’. These services are expanded and adapted to directly meet customer needs, marking a crucial step in tailoring Microsoft’s cloud offering to the specificities of the local market. As the region matures, Microsoft launches the ‘Azure Strategic Services’, designed to meet more complex requirements and cover advanced use scenarios. At this stage, the focus is on close collaboration with customers to optimize workloads and performance, reflecting a continuous commitment to listening and responding to customer needs. Currently, the Azure Italy North region is in a phase of dynamic development, marked by a constant commitment to evolving services. Microsoft aims to grow in harmony with the needs of its customers, aiming not only to meet current needs but also to drive future innovation.

Figure 2 – Phases of Implementing Azure Services in a New Region

Reliability and resilience: a shared commitment and a framework for excellence

Reliability in the cloud represents a shared goal by both providers and users. Microsoft commits to providing a resilient foundation for the cloud, but it is up to companies to build robust systems on this foundation. Through the use of Azure, customers have the opportunity to implement resilience solutions, including high availability and disaster recovery, which integrate into their infrastructures to ensure operational continuity and security. The “Azure Well-Architected Framework” plays a crucial role in an effective cloud strategy. This framework guides companies through fundamental practices such as design, testing, and monitoring, emphasizing the need for a conscious approach in design, rigorous testing, and constant control. In this way, companies can ensure they operate in a reliable cloud environment.

Resilience and availability: Multi-Region vs. Single-Region

It is important to clarify a fundamental aspect. Historically, Microsoft Azure has adopted a multi-region design approach to ensure high cloud availability. By implementing multi-region architectures, Azure has allowed customers to distribute workloads across different regions, creating an effective failover architecture in case of interruptions. For example, European businesses have been able to distribute their workloads between West Europe and North Europe. In case of problems in one region, the other can automatically intervene, reducing the risk of downtime and ensuring operational continuity.

Figure 3 – Multi-Region Model

The ‘Data Residency Boundary’ demonstrates that, despite geographic distribution, data remains confined within a designated area, ensuring compliance with local regulations. Azure thus meets not only the technical needs for availability but also the legal and compliance requirements of global customers.

However, with Microsoft’s global expansion, there has been an evolution in the design of cloud infrastructures. The Azure North Italy region is an example, adopting a single-region approach with three availability zones and no paired regions, still ensuring excellent service availability and resilience.

Figure 4 – Single-Region Model

The North Italy region, created after careful risk analysis, ensures optimal security and performance. With latencies below 2 milliseconds, it offers synchronous replication of applications and data, maintaining operational continuity and data integrity. Each availability zone has independent data centers with autonomous resources, highlighting Microsoft’s commitment to high operability and service reliability.

Respecting the ‘Data Residency Boundary’ is crucial in Europe, where data protection regulations are stringent. The North Italy region is a model of adaptation to these needs, ensuring that data remains within regional borders and compliant with local laws.

The Azure Italy North Region: an opportunity for italian businesses

Addressing Italian companies considering the cloud to expand or transfer their IT infrastructure, the Azure North Italy region emerges as a promising choice. For businesses with operational headquarters exclusively in Italy, adopting this region offers tangible benefits, such as reduced latency and high performance, critical aspects for those operating predominantly at the national level. This choice also aligns with EU and Italian data residency regulations.

For customers currently using Azure services in other regions, such as West Europe, the transition to North Italy requires a more in-depth analysis. Key elements to consider include the impact on existing IT infrastructures, operational costs, and application performance. It is also crucial to evaluate latency in interactions between services located in different regions.

Another relevant factor is the need to serve users in geographically distant areas. In such cases, it might be more effective to maintain some services in a region closer to end-users or consider solutions that involve the distribution of Azure services across multiple regions.

The decision on the most suitable Azure region depends on the specific needs of the company and the geographical distribution of users. The advantage of the cloud lies in its flexibility and ability to adapt to various scenarios. Therefore, for Italian companies, both in the initial phase of adopting the cloud and in the expansion phase, the Azure North Italy region represents an option to be carefully considered.

Why choose Azure in northern Italy

Among the main aspects leading to the choice of adopting the Azure region located in Italy are:

  • Opting for a data center located in Italy means that data is physically stored within the country, in compliance with Italian data residency regulations. This choice not only minimizes risks related to data sovereignty but also ensures compliance with national and European Union regulations.
  • Companies can be sure of operating within the data borders of the EU and take advantage of advanced confidential computing capabilities, which provide additional levels of protection for sensitive data.
  • Optimization of performance for applications. Whether it’s Internet of Things (IoT) applications, Virtual Desktop solutions, or hybrid infrastructures, the North Italy region has been designed to support intensive use scenarios and to ensure the necessary performance for these advanced technologies.
  • Energy cost savings and reduced environmental impact. The North Italy region stands out for its energy efficiency, with a Power Usage Effectiveness (PUE) index of 1.12 and a Water Usage Effectiveness (WUE) of 0.023 l/kWh. These figures reflect Microsoft’s commitment to sustainability and energy efficiency.


The presence of Microsoft Azure in Italy represents a valuable resource for local businesses. Azure stands out for its versatility and adaptability, proposing an ecosystem that is easily integrable with various operational contexts and capable of meeting specific business needs, while ensuring efficiency and reliability. The availability of this cloud platform in Italy allows companies to benefit from greater scalability in the digital sector, thanks to reduced latency, high performance, and full adherence to local regulations. A determining factor is compliance and sovereign data management: the Azure Italy North region strictly respects European data protection laws, ensuring that data remains within regional borders and compliant with current regulations. A distinctive feature of this region is also energy efficiency and a lower environmental impact, resulting in advantageous energy consumption. With Azure, Italian companies have the opportunity to embark on a path of digital innovation, availing themselves of customized solutions, maximum security, and regulatory compliance